Established as the California state bird in 1931, the birds was known for it’s hardiness and adaptability. Also known as the valley quail, these birds have a distinctive black plume that curves forward.
These quail prefer low growing shrubs or woodpiles for cover. Adapting well to human populations, these ground nesting birds are subject to predation by feral cats. Conversion of small farms to large agribusiness without hedgerows has a negative impact on its habitat.